How to Read a Flow Meter

How to Read a Flow Meter

If you are referencing this article, then most likely you are looking for help in learning how to properly read your flow meter. Properly reading your flow meter depends on which flow meter technology is associated with your flow meter.

How to Read a Medical Flow Meter

Most medical flow meters employ a variable area principle of measurement with a float indicator and a scale on a clear tube. The flow rate determines how high the float moves up in the tube. To learn more about how to read variable area flow meters, reference the paragraph below about how to properly read the flow rate via the float.

How to Read a Flow Meter with a Float

How to Read a Flow Meter that Utilizes a Float Indicator

If you are looking for an answer to the question of “how do I read a flow meter”, chances are your flow meter is one that utilizes float indication in a clear tube. Where you reference the flow on a float type indicating flow meter, like the popular variable area flow meter (or rotameter), depends on the specifications stated by the manufacturer of your exact flow meter.

Always refer to your manufacturers datasheet and do not use generalizations that you may find on the internet, to ensure the accuracy of your flow readings. Most KOBOLD float type flow meters are read at the top of the float. Simply locate the top of the float and reference it to the scale printed on the outside of the flow meter. Make note of what units of measurement your scale in printed in to avoid misinterpretation of the flow rate.

When reading a float type flow meter, it is important to be aware of something that is referred to as parallax error. This refers to the phenomena that viewing objects at an oblique angle can cause a distortion between the actual place of something and the place we perceive it to be. To avoid this visual distortion and ensure the most accurate reading of the flow rate, read the flow meter from a close distance, straight in front of the meter, with your eye as level to the float as possible.

KOBOLD offers one of the industry's broadest lines of variable area flow meters and would be happy to help you learn how to read your KOBOLD meter or cross reference a KOBOLD model to replace one that may no longer be readable.

How to Read a Flow Meter without a Float

How to Read a Flow Meter with a Mechanical Register

Reading a flow meter with a mechanical register is straight forward. For those of us old enough to remember, an example of a mechanical register is the old type of gas pump where the numbers flipped over on a pivot point, sort of like a slot machine functions. These sorts of displays are still used in applications today, even if they aren’t at the gas pumps in the US anymore. Reading mechanical displays is as easy as reading the number on the number wheels in order and the unit of measurement stated on the display.

How to Read a Flow Meter with a Direct Reading Scale, Flap, or Arrow Pointer

These are also very easy flow meters to read. Simply locate the arrow, flap, or the digital terminus for the indicator and reference it against the scale printed on the flowmeter, paying mind to the scale’s units of measurement.

How to Read a Digital Flow Meter

Most flow meters with digital displays will provide a read out on the display screen of your flow rate. Depending on the other functions your flow meter offers, you may need to use the integral electronics or menu to set the display to show the rate of flow as opposed to a batching process total, for example.

Digital flow meters will typically provide the flow rate. Some models can also show other elements like a resettable part-total for totalizing purposes and a non-settable grand-total that shows the total flow since the flow meter has been in use.

If you have a digital KOBOLD flow meter and are unsure about how to program the display to show the data you need, please contact one of our expert engineers who will walk you through the process or consult your product manual. If you have a digital flow meter with a display that isn’t working, our engineers would be happy to cross reference an ideal KOBOLD replacement for your needs.

Flow Meter Local and Remote Display Types

Local and Remote Flow Meter Displays

Some flow meter technologies display the flow rate locally, where the element that does the measuring and the element that displays the flow rate are both together. One example would be variable area flow meters, also known as rotameters, that are mechanical in nature and the scale is physically printed on the device.

Some flow meter technologies and models can offer the option of a remote display where the measurement portion of the device is inserted or inline to the process piping, but the digital flow rate display is in a housing that is connected via a cable and placed away from the process.

For example, our MIM Magnetic Flow Meter is available with either an integral display that is housed within the flow body with the measuring device, or with a digital display separated from the magnetic measurement element with a connection cable.

How Flow Meter Displays are Powered

There are three ways that flow meter displays are powered.

How to Read a Flow Meter without any of the Above Options

If your flow meter does not have a display and is not a flow meter with float indication, then your data will be more than likely need to be transmitted via an integral output to a remote indicating display or PLC system that will display the data as part of the larger process that the flow meter is measuring or monitoring. If you are unsure how to proceed with your instrument, please feel free to contact our engineers for assistance.

Learn more about why you should partner with KOBOLD for your application.

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About KOBOLD

KOBOLD USA is a subsidiary of KOBOLD Messring GmbH, a world-leading instrumentation engineering business founded in Germany in 1980 by Klaus J. Kobold. With patented technology and superior service, the company quickly established itself as one of the global leaders in sensor and control systems with high quality products. The KOBOLD brand name became synonymous with superior quality and technological advancement in instrumentation engineering.

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